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Introduction

This page is a 'work in progress' and can change at any time :)

Purpose: Christian Eschatology is the study of study of the destiny of man as it is revealed in the Bible.  Why is this a relevant subject of research?  Because Jesus himself taught about it!  The 'Olivet Discourse' took place on the Mount of Olives and is covered in the synoptic Gospels (Matthew 24 / Mark 13 / Luke 21). That should be sufficient reason on its own, but the Bible also contains numerous other passages on the same topic -- including the most eschatolological book of all: Relevation.  If it wasn't important for us to know, Jesus would not have mentioned it.  So does Daniel, Ezekiel, Joel, Paul, and John!

Background: Up to 2012 and (almost) my 50th year, I had always accepted the most widely held evangelical understandings of the biblical book of Revelation i.e. a futurist literal fulfillment of the 'End Times', including the predominant 'Pre Tribulation' timing of the 'Rapture'. 

Present: As I set out for a 'big picture' understanding of the chronology involved, I was challenged with the newer (in name, but not in concept) theory of 'Pre Wrath Rapture'.  Although this interpretation is not without its own issues, I am now seeing it as 'fitting the facts' better than what I understood to this point.  With the disclaimer that I don't (yet?) fully endorse any particular person or group on this perspective, credit goes to the following:
Websites:

Classic Essays:

NEW 2017/10/08! I was able to present an introduction to the Pre-Wrath perspective in an Adult Sunday School class that I participate in.  Here is a PDF of the presentation (devoid of speaker notes).

End Times Chronology: Second Coming / Rapture Core Events

The initial step was to collect the key non-Revelation Biblical passages that clearly reference 'End Times' events in order to construct a basic chronology of events, in a straight-forward manner that makes sense.  The following major events were apparent:
Using the analogy of a simple 50-piece jigsaw puzzle (the key Biblical passages involved), with some of the pieces already attached to each other (linear verses in chronological order already), it is a fairly simple task to assemble a recognizable picture (simple chronology of End Times events).  I challenge anyone else who is interested to try the same thing with the verses listed below, to see if they end up with the same (or similar) result!

From my class presentation slides, this one illustrates the basic chronology of Daniel's 70th week that can be linked to Jesus (in Matthew 24) and Paul (in Thessalonians):

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                70th week

When this simple partial chronology is overlaid on the book of Revelation, the most reasonable position is apparently after the '6th Seal' openings, as shown below (pick either summary or detail cross-reference verse listings):

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Revelation Cross-Reference Summary Revelation Cross-Reference Detail

Revelation Chronology: Overall Outline

You will find no attempt on this page to 'date set' any of the events described in the book of Revelation, since I find those efforts to be silly (at best) and dangerous (at worst).  However, I am interested to form a logical framework for understanding the chronological sequence of events (without dates) as they will occur -- noting that though the book is mostly chronological as written, it is not 100% sequential.  Many chapters appear to 'review' in greater detail events that had already been mentioned.

In this attempted chronological outline of Revelation, I have attempted to color-cod the cells/chapters:
  • Events/periods following one another back-to-back (GREEN)
  • Longer time frames (i.e. 3.5 years) that overlap with the previous ones (BLUE)
  • Past events relating to the time period when John wrote the book (GREY)
  • Sections that are 'timeless' (WHITE)
I have also created markers to the best of my ability to show when certain periods begin/end/occur:
The ending of the 7 years i.e Daniel's 70th Week is also not clear, but it may be at the start of the Bowls of Wrath -- leaving 30 days for them to complete when the The Day of the Lord ends (thus satisfying the Daniel 12:11 reference to an additional 30 days).  The chronological duration/placement of the remaining cells is not clear, and are perhaps more parenthetical.

Book
Intro
Church
Intro
Ephesus Church
Smyrna Church
Pergamum Church
Thyatira Church
Sardis Church
Philadelphia Church
Laodecia Church
Living Beings
Lamb & Scroll
Rev 1:1-3
Rev 1:4-19
Rev 2:1-7
Rev 2:8-11
Rev 2:12-17
Rev 2:18-29
Rev 3:1-6
Rev 3:7-13
Rev 3:14-22
Rev 4
Rev 5

Daniel's 70th Week Begins?
Seal 1
Seal 2
Seal 3
Antichrist Revealed?
Seal
4
Seal 5
Seal
6
Christ Appears? Wrath
Fear
144000 Sealed
Believers Before Throne
Seal 7
Golden Censer
Birth Pains Begin?
Rev 6:1-2
(Zech 6:2-3?)
Rev 6:3-4
(Zech 6:2-3?)
Rev 6:5-6
(Zech 6:2-3?)
Great Tribulation Begins?
Rev 6:7-8
(Zech 6:2-3?)
Rev 6:9-11
Rev 6:12-14
Rapture of Believers? Rev 6:15-17
Rev 7:1-8
Rev 7:9-17
Rev 8:1
Rev 8:2-3

Day of the Lord Begins?
Trumpet 1
Trumpet 2
Trumpet 3
Trumpet 4
Eagle Warning
Trumpet
5
= Woe 1
Trumpet
6
= Woe 2?
Small Scroll 2 Witnesses
= 3.5 Years
Trumpet
7
= Woe 3?
Wrath Begins?
Rev 8:6-7
Rev 8:8-9
Rev 8:10-11
Rev 8:12
Rev 8:13
Rev 9:1-12 (Rev 20:1-3) Rev 9:13-21
Rev 10 Rev 11:1-14
Rev 11:15-19

Woman & Dragon
= 3.5 Years
Sea Beast
= 3.5 Years
Earth Beast & 666
Christ on Zion
& 144000 Redeemed
3 Angels & Judgements
Angels & Reaping
Song of Moses & Lamb
Rev 12:1-17
(John 12:31)
Rev 12:18-13:10
Rev 13:11-18
Rev 14:1-5
Rev 14:6-13
Rev 14:14-20
Rev 15:1-4

Daniel's 70th Week Ends? Bowls of Wrath Given
Bowl
1
Bowl
2
Bowl
3
Bowl
4
Bowl
5
Bowl
6
3 Evil Spirits
Bowl
7
Day of the Lord Ends?
Antichrist Power Broken?
Rev 15:5-16:1
Rev 16:2
Rev 16:3
Rev 16:4-7
Rev 16:8-9
Rev 16:10-11
Rev 16:12
Rev 16:13-16
Rev 16:17-21
(Zech 14:4?)
Wrath Ends?

Babylon
Prostitute
= 3.5 Years?
Babylon Fall
Victory Songs & Wedding Supper
White Horse Rider & Armageddon Battle
1000 Year Peace
Final Battle
White Throne Judge
New Jerusalem
Promises
Rev 17
Rev 18
Rev 19:1-10
Rev 19:11-21
Rev 20:1-6
Rev 20:7-10
Rev 20:11-15
Rev 21:1-22:6
Rev 22:7-21

Revelation Chronology: Overview Chart

The clearest simple chart that I have found so far that makes sense to me is this one from The Pre-Wrath Tribune:

JPG Revelation Chart

Here is another useful chart from Robert Van Kampen's "The Sign":

JPG endtime overview

'7 Year' Chronology Link: Daniel to Matthew

Daniel 9:27; 11:31; 12:11-12

He will confirm a covenant with many for one ‘seven.’ In the middle of the ‘seven’ he will put an end to sacrifice and offering. And at the temple he will set up an abomination that causes desolation, until the end that is decreed is poured out on him...“His armed forces will rise up to desecrate the temple fortress and will abolish the daily sacrifice. Then they will set up the abomination that causes desolation...“From the time that the daily sacrifice is abolished and the abomination that causes desolation is set up, there will be 1,290 days. Blessed is the one who waits for and reaches the end of the 1,335 days.
 
My Comments: Anti-Christ involved in 7-year covenant.  Broken after 3.5 years with end to temple sacrifices when the 'Abomination that causes Desolation' occurs.  Another 3.5+ years till the End.  NOTE: In order to understand that Daniel 12:11 is stating that the 1290 days follows both the 'end to sacrifice and offering' and 'abomination that causes desolation', you need to take into account the other parallel verses which clarify that point.

Matthew 24:15-26

“So when you see standing in the holy place ‘the abomination that causes desolation,’ spoken of through the prophet Daniel—let the reader understand— then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains. Let no one on the housetop go down to take anything out of the house. Let no one in the field go back to get their cloak. How dreadful it will be in those days for pregnant women and nursing mothers! Pray that your flight will not take place in winter or on the Sabbath. For then there will be great distress, unequaled from the beginning of the world until now—and never to be equaled again. “If those days had not been cut short, no one would survive, but for the sake of the elect those days will be shortened. At that time if anyone says to you, ‘Look, here is the Messiah!’ or, ‘There he is!’ do not believe it. For false messiahs and false prophets will appear and perform great signs and wonders to deceive, if possible, even the elect. See, I have told you ahead of time.  “So if anyone tells you, ‘There he is, out in the wilderness,’ do not go out; or, ‘Here he is, in the inner rooms,’ do not believe it.

My Comments: Christ confirms Daniel's prophecy, and that it will start the most terrible time period in Earth's history, when the false Messiah appears.

'Little Horn' Link: Daniel to Matthew, 2 Thessalonians, and Revelation

Daniel 7:8,20-22,24-25

“While I was thinking about the horns, there before me was another horn, a little one, which came up among them; and three of the first horns were uprooted before it. This horn had eyes like the eyes of a human being and a mouth that spoke boastfully...I also wanted to know about the ten horns on its head and about the other horn that came up, before which three of them fell—the horn that looked more imposing than the others and that had eyes and a mouth that spoke boastfully. As I watched, this horn was waging war against the holy people and defeating them, until the Ancient of Days came and pronounced judgment in favor of the holy people of the Most High, and the time came when they possessed the kingdom...After them another king will arise, different from the earlier ones; he will subdue three kings. He will speak against the Most High and oppress his holy people and try to change the set times and the laws. The holy people will be delivered into his hands for a time, times and half a time."

Daniel 8:11-12

It set itself up to be as great as the commander of the army of the Lord; it took away the daily sacrifice from the Lord, and his sanctuary was thrown down. Because of rebellion, the Lord’s people and the daily sacrifice were given over to it. It prospered in everything it did, and truth was thrown to the ground.

Daniel 9:27

He will confirm a covenant with many for one ‘seven.’ In the middle of the ‘seven’ he will put an end to sacrifice and offering. And at the temple he will set up an abomination that causes desolation, until the end that is decreed is poured out on him.

Daniel 11:31

His armed forces will rise up to desecrate the temple fortress and will abolish the daily sacrifice. Then they will set up the abomination that causes desolation.

Daniel 12:11

From the time that the daily sacrifice is abolished and the abomination that causes desolation is set up, there will be 1,290 days.

Matthew 24:15

“So when you see standing in the holy place ‘the abomination that causes desolation,’ spoken of through the prophet Daniel—let the reader understand—..."

2 Thessalonians 2:3-4,9

Don’t let anyone deceive you in any way, for that day will not come until the rebellion occurs and the man of lawlessness is revealed, the man doomed to destruction. He will oppose and will exalt himself over everything that is called God or is worshiped, so that he sets himself up in God’s temple, proclaiming himself to be God...The coming of the lawless one will be in accordance with how Satan works. He will use all sorts of displays of power through signs and wonders that serve the lie..

Revelation 13:5-7

The beast was given a mouth to utter proud words and blasphemies and to exercise its authority for forty-two months. It opened its mouth to blaspheme God, and to slander his name and his dwelling place and those who live in heaven. It was given power to wage war against God’s holy people and to conquer them. And it was given authority over every tribe, people, language and nation.

My Comments: These verses link the a figure in Daniel ('Little Horn'), who will enact the 'abomination that causes desolation' event, also referenced in Matthew, 2 Thessalonians ('Man of Lawlessness'), and finally Revelation ('Beast') as a boasting blasphemer that cruelly persecutes the people of God.

'Beast' Link: Daniel to Revelation

Daniel 7:2-8,11-12,15-27

Daniel said: “In my vision at night I looked, and there before me were the four winds of heaven churning up the great sea. Four great beasts, each different from the others, came up out of the sea.  “The first was like a lion, and it had the wings of an eagle. I watched until its wings were torn off and it was lifted from the ground so that it stood on two feet like a human being, and the mind of a human was given to it.  “And there before me was a second beast, which looked like a bear. It was raised up on one of its sides, and it had three ribs in its mouth between its teeth. It was told, ‘Get up and eat your fill of flesh!’ “After that, I looked, and there before me was another beast, one that looked like a leopard. And on its back it had four wings like those of a bird. This beast had four heads, and it was given authority to rule.  “After that, in my vision at night I looked, and there before me was a fourth beast—terrifying and frightening and very powerful. It had large iron teeth; it crushed and devoured its victims and trampled underfoot whatever was left. It was different from all the former beasts, and it had ten horns.  “While I was thinking about the horns, there before me was another horn, a little one, which came up among them; and three of the first horns were uprooted before it. This horn had eyes like the eyes of a human being and a mouth that spoke boastfully...

“Then I continued to watch because of the boastful words the horn was speaking. I kept looking until the beast was slain and its body destroyed and thrown into the blazing fire. (The other beasts had been stripped of their authority, but were allowed to live for a period of time.)...

“I, Daniel, was troubled in spirit, and the visions that passed through my mind disturbed me. I approached one of those standing there and asked him the meaning of all this.  “So he told me and gave me the interpretation of these things: ‘The four great beasts are four kings that will rise from the earth. But the holy people of the Most High will receive the kingdom and will possess it forever—yes, for ever and ever.’ “Then I wanted to know the meaning of the fourth beast, which was different from all the others and most terrifying, with its iron teeth and bronze claws—the beast that crushed and devoured its victims and trampled underfoot whatever was left. I also wanted to know about the ten horns on its head and about the other horn that came up, before which three of them fell—the horn that looked more imposing than the others and that had eyes and a mouth that spoke boastfully. As I watched, this horn was waging war against the holy people and defeating them, until the Ancient of Days came and pronounced judgment in favor of the holy people of the Most High, and the time came when they possessed the kingdom.  “He gave me this explanation: ‘The fourth beast is a fourth kingdom that will appear on earth. It will be different from all the other kingdoms and will devour the whole earth, trampling it down and crushing it. The ten horns are ten kings who will come from this kingdom. After them another king will arise, different from the earlier ones; he will subdue three kings. He will speak against the Most High and oppress his holy people and try to change the set times and the laws. The holy people will be delivered into his hands for a time, times and half a time.  “‘But the court will sit, and his power will be taken away and completely destroyed forever. Then the sovereignty, power and greatness of all the kingdoms under heaven will be handed over to the holy people of the Most High. His kingdom will be an everlasting kingdom, and all rulers will worship and obey him.’

Revelation 13:1-8,11-18

The dragon stood on the shore of the sea. And I saw a beast coming out of the sea. It had ten horns and seven heads, with ten crowns on its horns, and on each head a blasphemous name. The beast I saw resembled a leopard, but had feet like those of a bear and a mouth like that of a lion. The dragon gave the beast his power and his throne and great authority. One of the heads of the beast seemed to have had a fatal wound, but the fatal wound had been healed. The whole world was filled with wonder and followed the beast. People worshiped the dragon because he had given authority to the beast, and they also worshiped the beast and asked, “Who is like the beast? Who can wage war against it?”

The beast was given a mouth to utter proud words and blasphemies and to exercise its authority for forty-two months. It opened its mouth to blaspheme God, and to slander his name and his dwelling place and those who live in heaven. It was given power to wage war against God’s holy people and to conquer them. And it was given authority over every tribe, people, language and nation. All inhabitants of the earth will worship the beast—all whose names have not been written in the Lamb’s book of life, the Lamb who was slain from the creation of the world.

Then I saw a second beast, coming out of the earth. It had two horns like a lamb, but it spoke like a dragon. It exercised all the authority of the first beast on its behalf, and made the earth and its inhabitants worship the first beast, whose fatal wound had been healed. And it performed great signs, even causing fire to come down from heaven to the earth in full view of the people. Because of the signs it was given power to perform on behalf of the first beast, it deceived the inhabitants of the earth. It ordered them to set up an image in honor of the beast who was wounded by the sword and yet lived. The second beast was given power to give breath to the image of the first beast, so that the image could speak and cause all who refused to worship the image to be killed. It also forced all people, great and small, rich and poor, free and slave, to receive a mark on their right hands or on their foreheads, so that they could not buy or sell unless they had the mark, which is the name of the beast or the number of its name.

This calls for wisdom. Let the person who has insight calculate the number of the beast, for it is the number of a man. That number is 666.

Revelation 17:3,7-14

Then the angel carried me away in the Spirit into a wilderness. There I saw a woman sitting on a scarlet beast that was covered with blasphemous names and had seven heads and ten horns...

I will explain to you the mystery of the woman and of the beast she rides, which has the seven heads and ten horns. The beast, which you saw, once was, now is not, and yet will come up out of the Abyss and go to its destruction. The inhabitants of the earth whose names have not been written in the book of life from the creation of the world will be astonished when they see the beast, because it once was, now is not, and yet will come.  “This calls for a mind with wisdom. The seven heads are seven hills on which the woman sits. They are also seven kings. Five have fallen, one is, the other has not yet come; but when he does come, he must remain for only a little while. The beast who once was, and now is not, is an eighth king. He belongs to the seven and is going to his destruction.  “The ten horns you saw are ten kings who have not yet received a kingdom, but who for one hour will receive authority as kings along with the beast. They have one purpose and will give their power and authority to the beast. They will wage war against the Lamb, but the Lamb will triumph over them because he is Lord of lords and King of kings—and with him will be his called, chosen and faithful followers.”

My Comments: A strong parallel between the 4 'beasts' with 7 heads (i.e. lion, bear, leopard, monster = kingdoms/empires/countries/political alliances) of Daniel 7 and single 'hybrid' beast with 7 heads of Revelation 13/14. The text indicates that the 10 'horns' on the hybrid beast are individuals (i.e. kings/rulers) -- with the Anti-Christ figure arising among them as an 11th 'little horn' that subjugates 3 of the others.  In Revelation, the 'little horn' has become one of the 'heads' of the Beast.  He will greatly oppress the people of God during the time of the Great Tribulation.  We also see reference in Revelation 13:5 to the 3.5 year time-span of the rule of the Beast/Anti-Christ, linking back to Daniel 7:25.

'God/Magog' Battle Link: Ezekiel to Revelation

Ezekiel 38:1-2,7-8,17-18

The word of the Lord came to me:
“Son of man, set your face against Gog, of the land of Magog, the chief prince of Meshek and Tubal; prophesy against him...Get ready; be prepared, you and all the hordes gathered about you, and take command of them. After many days you will be called to arms. In future years you will invade a land that has recovered from war, whose people were gathered from many nations to the mountains of Israel, which had long been desolate. They had been brought out from the nations, and now all of them live in safety...This is what the Sovereign Lord says: You are the one I spoke of in former days by my servants the prophets of Israel. At that time they prophesied for years that I would bring you against them. This is what will happen in that day: When Gog attacks the land of Israel, my hot anger will be aroused, declares the Sovereign Lord.

Ezekiel 39:17-20

“Son of man, this is what the Sovereign LORD says: Call out to every kind of bird and all the wild animals: ‘Assemble and come together from all around to the sacrifice I am preparing for you, the great sacrifice on the mountains of Israel. There you will eat flesh and drink blood.  You will eat the flesh of mighty men and drink the blood of the princes of the earth as if they were rams and lambs, goats and bulls—all of them fattened animals from Bashan.  At the sacrifice I am preparing for you, you will eat fat till you are glutted and drink blood till you are drunk.  At my table you will eat your fill of horses and riders, mighty men and soldiers of every kind,’ declares the Sovereign LORD.

Revelation 19:17-18

And I saw an angel standing in the sun, who cried in a loud voice to all the birds flying in midair, “Come, gather together for the great supper of God,  so that you may eat the flesh of kings, generals, and the mighty, of horses and their riders, and the flesh of all people, free and slave, great and small.”

Revelation 20:7-9

When the thousand years are over, Satan will be released from his prison and will go out to deceive the nations in the four corners of the earth—Gog and Magog—and to gather them for battle. In number they are like the sand on the seashore. They marched across the breadth of the earth and surrounded the camp of God’s people, the city he loves. But fire came down from heaven and devoured them.
 
My Comments: At first glance, it would appear as though the Ezekiel 38/39 Gog/Magog battle is the same one as the Armegeddon battle described in Revelation 19 i.e. same references to birds and animals assembling, but the link of combatants (i.e. Gog of Magog) and conditions (i.e. time of peace) make it much more likely that the Ezekiel battle is the Final Battle mentioned in Revelation 20, which follows the Millennium.  However, this is not a 100% confident conclusion on my part.  For more detail on this study, see the following rough comparison between Ezekiel 38/39, and the two massive battles described in Revelation 16/19 (Armageddon) and Revelation 20 (Final Battle).  A good video by Chris White on this topic can be found here.

End Times Chronology Link: Matthew to Luke

Matthew 24:9-14,19-20a

“Then they’ll hand you over to suffer and will kill you, and you’ll be hated by all the nations on account of my name. Then many people will fall away, will betray one another, and will hate one another. Many false prophets will appear and deceive many people, and because lawlessness will increase, the love of many people will grow cold. But the person who endures to the end will be saved. And this gospel of the kingdom will be proclaimed throughout the inhabited world as a testimony to all nations, and then the end will come...How terrible it will be for women who are pregnant or who are nursing babies in those days! Pray that it may not be in winter or on a Sabbath when you flee...

Luke 21:12-24

“But before all these things, people will arrest you and persecute you. They will hand you over to synagogues and prisons, and you will be brought before kings and governors for my name’s sake, in order to give you an opportunity to testify. So purpose in your hearts not to prepare your defense ahead of time, because I will give you the ability to speak, along with wisdom, that none of your opponents will be able to resist or refute. You will be betrayed even by parents, brothers, relatives, and friends, and they will put some of you to death. You will be hated continuously by everyone on account of my name. And yet not a hair on your head will be lost. But the person who endures to the end will be saved.”

“So when you see Jerusalem surrounded by armies, then understand that its devastation is approaching. Then those in Judea must flee to the mountains, those inside the city must leave it, and those in the countryside must not go into it, because these are the days of vengeance when all that is written will be fulfilled.

“How terrible it will be for those women who are pregnant or who are nursing babies in those days!—because there will be great distress in the land and wrath against this people. They will fall by the edge of the sword and be carried off as captives among all the nations, and Jerusalem will be trampled on by unbelievers until the times of the unbelievers are fulfilled.”

My Comments: At first glance, it would appear as though these passages are speaking of the same events (considering that Matthew 24 and Luke 21 are parallel passages), but there is a definitely possible that they are not i.e. Luke is referencing the near-term destruction of Jerusalem in 70 AD by the Romans, and Matthew is referencing the far-future 70th Week of Daniel.  Furthermore, this suggests that Matthew 24 doesn't address the question of the destruction of the Temple at all (leaving that for Luke 21) -- the later words of Jesus that 'this generation won’t disappear until these things' take place does not -- in any way -- reference the nearer-term 70 AD destruction (i.e. Preterism), but something else.

I credit this series of articles on the  The Pre-Wrath Tribune by Dave Bussard for his insights.  A suggested reading order/interpretation of his presentation can be found here.

 End Times Chronology Link: Matthew to 1 Thessalonians

Matthew 24:30-31,37-39,40-41,44,48-50

“Then will appear the sign of the Son of Man in heaven. And then all the peoples of the earth will mourn when they see the Son of Man coming on the clouds of heaven, with power and great glory. And he will send his angels with a loud trumpet call, and they will gather his elect from the four winds, from one end of the heavens to the other...As it was in the days of Noah, so it will be at the coming of the Son of Man.  For in the days before the flood, people were eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage, up to the day Noah entered the ark; and they knew nothing about what would happen until the flood came and took them all away. That is how it will be at the coming of the Son of Man...Two men will be in the field; one will be taken and the other left. Two women will be grinding with a hand mill; one will be taken and the other left... So you also must be ready, because the Son of Man will come at an hour when you do not expect him...But suppose that servant is wicked and says to himself, ‘My master is staying away a long time,’ and he then begins to beat his fellow servants and to eat and drink with drunkards. The master of that servant will come on a day when he does not expect him and at an hour he is not aware of."

1 Thessalonians 4:15-17,5:2-6

According to the Lord’s word, we tell you that we who are still alive, who are left until the coming of the Lord, will certainly not precede those who have fallen asleep. For the Lord himself will come down from heaven, with a loud command, with the voice of the archangel and with the trumpet call of God, and the dead in Christ will rise first.  After that, we who are still alive and are left will be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air. And so we will be with the Lord forever...for you know very well that the day of the Lord will come like a thief in the night.  While people are saying, “Peace and safety,” destruction will come on them suddenly, as labor pains on a pregnant woman, and they will not escape....But you, brothers and sisters, are not in darkness so that this day should surprise you like a thief. You are all children of the light and children of the day. We do not belong to the night or to the darkness. So then, let us not be like others, who are asleep, but let us be awake and sober.

My Comments: This core sequence of future events spoken by Jesus, and discussed again by Paul, are in extremely close agreement on a number of factors, highly suggestive that they are referring to the same events.  Together, they confirm that the the 'Arrival' of Jesus (i.e. '2nd Coming') occurs at the same time as the 'Gathering' of Believers (i.e. 'Rapture') -- which is during the 'Persecution' of Believers by the Anti-Christ (i.e. 'Great Tribulation) -- and before the 'Wrath' of God begins.  The day/hour of these events is unknown, but there are clearly-stated events which precede them.  It is unbelievers that are caught unaware by these momentous events.

PNG matthew
                vs 1 thessalonians


End Times New Heaven & Earth Link: Isaiah to 2 Peter to Revelation

Isaiah 65:17-18

“See, I will create new heavens and a new earth.  The former things will not be remembered, nor will they come to mind. But be glad and rejoice forever in what I will create, for I will create Jerusalem to be a delight and its people a joy."

2 Peter 3:10

But the day of the Lord will come like a thief. The heavens will disappear with a roar; the elements will be destroyed by fire, and the earth and everything done in it will be laid bare.

Revelation 21:1-2

Then I saw “a new heaven and a new earth,” for the first heaven and the first earth had passed away, and there was no longer any sea. I saw the Holy City, the new Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, prepared as a bride beautifully dressed for her husband.

My Comments: These passages, taken together, present chronological and terminological challenges:
  • Is the creation of a 'new Heaven(s) and a new Earth' a single event which both Isaiah and Revelation refer to?  The Isaiah 65 event is presented in a Millennial context, whereas Revelation 21 -- if taken chronologically -- seems to follow the Millennium described in Revelation 20.  Does this suggest that Revelation 21 does not necessarily follow Revelation 20 chronologically?  Is it possible that Isaiah 65 is combining both a prophecy of the Millennium and also the later prophecy of a New Heaven and Earth?
  • Is Peter 3 referring to the same 'new Heaven(s) and a new Earth' destruction event as Isaiah 65 and Revelation 21 construction events?  Is its reference to the 'day of the Lord' meant to equate to the Wrath of God period in the latter part of Daniel's 70th week?  Are these verses not to be taken as a complete description of these events -- and that there is room even for the large Millennium time period to be present in them?  2 Peter 3 seems to suggest that the destruction takes place in, or immediately following the 70th week -- and before the Millennium.  This suggests a different ordering than Revelation 20/21 -- or perhaps that the 'day of the Lord' itself includes the Millennium.

As of this writing, I am uncertain of what to make of these verses, and how closely they are linked to each other.  If there is just a single destruction/construction event, then it is not totally clear whether it occurs at the start or end of the Millennium.  However, if there are two events -- then there might be one at the beginning and also end of the Millennium.  A possibly helpful discussion by Marvin Rosenthal can be found here.  A Pre-Trib analysis by Dr. Mike Stallard can be found here.  Finally, a specific response to this question by Jack Kelley can be found here.